In 610, a monk twisted some leftover dough into the shape of crossed arms and gave it to children as a reward for learning their prayers. Pretzels were a hit across Europe, and nine centuries later, when the Turks were tunneling under the walls of Vienna, it was the early-bird pretzel bakers who heard them and sounded the alarm. Even today, the coat of arms of the Viennese bakers proudly bears a pretzel. But it was the Pennsylvania Dutch who perfected what would become a famous Philly snack. According to The New York Times, the soft pretzel, sprinkled with salt and smothered in mustard may be the definitive street food.
- American Museum of Natural History. "Hot Dogs as America." April 30, 2009. (April 28, 2010).http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/baseball/hotdogs/
- Churrisimo Café. "Traditional Spanish Foods" June 22, 2006. (April 28, 2010).http://www.churrisimo.com/churros_history.html
- Feiler, Bruce. "Spun Heaven." Gourmet Magazine. February 2000. (April 28, 2010). http://www.gourmet.com/magazine/2000s/2000/02/spunheaven
- Fox, Peter. "Burritos -- A Search for Beginnings." Washington Post. April 11, 1998.
- Goldstein, Elaine Dann. " Fare of the Country; Philadelphia's Twist on the Pretzel." The New York Times. Nov. 13, 1988. (April 28, 2010).http://www.nytimes.com/1988/11/13/travel/fare-of-the-country-philadelphia-s-twist-on-the-pretzel.html?sec=travel
- Gordan, Lucy. "The Pizza Connection." The Epicurean Traveler.com. May 2007. (April 28, 2010). http://www.epicureantraveler.com/articles/Pizza_History_Gordan/Pizza%20History_Gordan.html
- Kantor, Jodi. "A History of the Mideast in the Humble Chickpea." The New York Times. July 10, 2002. (April 28, 2010).http://www.nytimes.com/2002/07/10/dining/a-history-of-the-mideast-in-the-humble-chickpea.html?pagewanted=2
- Kraig, Bruce. "Hot Dog: A Global History." Reaktion Books, University of Chicago Press. 2009.
- Pappas, Lou Seibert. "Crêpes: Sweet & Savory Recipes for the Home Cook." Chronicle Books, 2006.
- Segal, David. " The Gyro's History Unfolds." The New York Times. July 14, 2009. (April 28, 2010).http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/15/dining/15gyro.html
- Street Food.org. "Serving Up Street food in the Global South." (April 28, 2010).http://street food.org/index.php?option=com_frontpage&Itemid=1
- University of Guelph. "Ice Cream History and Folklore." 1995. (April 28, 2010).http://www.foodsci.uoguelph.ca/dairyedu/ichist.html
HowStuffWorks finds out what a food forest is, how to create one, and how it helps to fight hunger.