Emporda Wine Region History and Culture
The Emporda wine region has a long history of viticulture that spread throughout the land, far beyond what would now be Spain's borders.
Winemaking hit Emporda at least 2,000 years ago. Wine was known in the area as early as the mid-500s B.C., though concrete evidence of actual viticulture and winemaking date back to about 100 B.C. [source: Counsel Regulador]. By that time, wines were already being sold in markets outside of what is now Emporda, so it's safe to say the actual introduction by the Greeks was sometime in between 500 B.C. and 100 B.C.
Similar to many other winemaking regions, Emporda's winemaking relied on monks and monasteries during the Middle Ages. Then in the 18th and 19th centuries when phylloxera, a vine louse, appeared in France, Emporda like many other unaffected regions in Spain stepped up its wine production efforts to compensate for the void phylloxera was causing elsewhere. At that time, the Emporda wine region was covered in terraces and vineyards as they worked to make up for the dramatic losses in France's wine production [source: Apstein].
Unfortunately, Emporda was not immune to phylloxera. Like many other winemaking regions that prospered during their competition's demise, Emporda's crops were eventually infected and devastated by phylloxera when it made its way into Spain. Emporda's reign as a winemaking powerhouse was over. Coupled with two world wars, Emporda could not recover the massive amounts of land that all of the active vineyards had once occupied [source: Counsel Regulador].
Today, cooperative bodegas have become popular within the Emporda wine region. Though the wineries still are not taking anywhere near the amount of land they once were, the winemaking industry within the region is beginning to rebuild. Concerted efforts toward quality wine have led Emporda to have a renaissance of sorts in the wine market.
Agriculture is a crucial aspect to growing the perfect grape. Read on to discover the agriculture of the Emporda wine region.