The agriculture and climate of a region is crucial for producing proper grapes. The Emporda wine region has many characteristics that help the area's viticulture. Located in northeastern Spain, Emporda is bordered by both the Pyrenees and the Mediterranean Sea. The Emporda DO, or Designation of Origin, is a classification that generally signifies high quality resulting from specific production areas. Emporda's DO winemaking areas can actually be divided into two smaller regions: Alt Emporda, the northern half with 35 municipalities; and Baix Emporda, the southern half with 13 municipalities [source: Counsel Regulador].
The Emporda wine region is filled with rivers, marshes, coves and mountains [source: Emporda Online]. Much of Emporda's soil is sandy and acidic, which helps produce better grapes. The roots of grapes must be allowed to drain fully, and the sandy soil, which doesn't hold much water, actually improves the vines. In the plains, the soils are often highly fertile, consisting of sediment runoff from the water. In the mountains, the soil typically consists of slate and granite.
The Emporda wine region has hot summers with mild winters that only occasionally see frost. And during those hot summers, the breezes of the sea often assist in moderating the sweltering heat. In addition, the climate of Emporda is also affected by the Tramontane, a northerly wind (see sidebar for more information on the Tramontane).
With a variety of soils and landscapes, the Emporda wine region can accommodate a variety of grapes. To discover the famous wines these grapes produce, read on.