The history of most Italian regions follows a distinct pattern. The Trentino-Alto Adige wine region fits into this history in being occupied by Celts, Etruscans and Romans [source: Wine Country]. But the really interesting part is that Alto-Adige was part of Austria until the end of World War I. In 1919, Italian leader Benito Mussolini changed the name from South Tyrol (Austrian) to Alto-Adige. This political change caused the blending of two cultures and is why many people in the region still speak German or are fully bilingual in German and Italian [source: The Rough Guide Italy 6].
In 1950, the wine producers in the region decided it was time to take their winemaking to the next level. They joined together to form a cooperative called CAVIT. The co-op decided to focus on quality wine production and modern marketing techniques [source: CAVIT]. In the 1970s, CAVIT created a large winery in Trentino to further its mission. Today they are known as a "second-tier" co-op, representing some 4,500 wine growers and overseeing almost all of the smaller co-ops in the region [sources: CAVIT, Cannavan].
Because of the German-Italian influence, you can see bits of both histories in the art and cultural activities in the region. There are endless churches to visit along with castles, archeological ruins, museums and vineyards [source: ITALIA]. The region holds annual festivals and parades to celebrate its diverse heritage.
Read on to learn about Trentino-Alto's Adige agriculture.