Though Victoria is a region that covers quite a small area in Australia, it is a diverse region as far as soil, climate and grape varieties are concerned. Thus, the agriculture and techniques used for viticulture are dependent on the slightly different climates and soils. The 21 distinct wine regions each offer a different study in the land and its relationship to grape vines [source: Visit Victoria].
For example, in Northwest Victoria, the region has a very temperate climate, almost like the Mediterranean. It has the Murray River to contribute to the climate, which supplies the perfect nourishment to orchards, citrus, olives trees, open pastures of grain and vineyards. Even though the Murray is there, irrigation is a must during the hot and sunny months. The soil in this area is a sandy loam with a top soil that together makes a suitable soil for vines [source: Wine Australia].
Melbourne and surrounding areas like the Yarra Valley are known for their cool climates, very different from the Northwest region we just discussed. This region has longer and drier autumns. This climate has a tendency to produce sweeter, concentrated fruit flavors.
Altitude plays a role in the growth of vines in both northeast Victoria and western Victoria. In northeast Victoria, which includes Alpine Valley, summers never get too hot and autumn seems to arrive faster than it does in most other areas. This kind of climate makes wines that are rich with complex undertones. Western Victoria is known for its sandstone soils [source: Wine Web].
Click to the next page to learn about the world-renowned wines of the Victorian wine region.