How bad for you is high-fructose corn syrup?


Lots More Information

Related HowStuffWorks Articles

More Great Links

Sources

  • Corn Refiners Association. "High Fructose Corn Syrup: Estimated US per capita calories consumed daily." May 18, 2006.http://www.corn.org/percaphfcs.htm
  • FDA. "Direct Food Substances Affirmed as Generally Recognized as Safe." April 1, 2008. http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfCFR/CFRSearch.cfm?fr=184.1866&SearchTerm=high%20fructose%20corn%20syrup
  • Gardner, Amanda. Washington Post. Jan. 28, 2008.http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/01/28/AR2008012801933.html
  • Havel, Peter J., DVM, PhD. "Dietary Fructose: Implications for Dysregulation of Energy Homeostasis and Lipid/Carbohydrate Metabolism." Nutrition Reviews. Vol. 63, no. 5. Pp. 133-157.
  • International Food Information Council. "Questions and Answers About Fructose." (Dec. 10, 2008)http://www.ific.org/publications/qa/fructoseqa.cfm
  • Mann, Jim. "Sugar Revisited, Again." Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2003, 81 (8).http://whqlibdoc.who.int/bulletin/2003/Vol81-No8/bulletin_2003_81(8)_552.pdf
  • Ophardt, Charles E. "Overview of Carbohydrate Metabolism." Virtual Chembook; Elmhurst College. 2003. (Dec. 10, 2008)http://www.elmhurst.edu/~chm/vchembook/600glycolysis.html
  • OU Kosher. "High Fructose Corn Syrup." (Dec. 10, 2008)http://www.oukosher.org/index.php/common/article/2489
  • Shaver, Dorothy; Registered dietitian. Telephone interview. Dec. 14, 2008.
  • Teff, Karen L.; Elliott, Sharon S.; Tschop, Matthias; Kieffer, Timothy J.; Rader, Daniel; Heiman, Mark; Townsend, Raymond R.; Keim, Nancy L.; D'Alessio, David; Havel, Peter J. "Dietary Fructose Reduces Circulating Insulin and Leptin, Attenuates Postprandial Suppression of Ghrelin, and Increases Triglycerides in Women." The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. June, 2004; 89(6):2963-2972.
  • Tordoff, Michael G.; Alleve, Annette M. "Effect of drinking soda sweetened with aspartame or high-fructose corn syrup on food intake and body weight." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. June 1990.http://www.ajcn.org/cgi/reprint/51/6/963?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&author1=tordoff&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&sortspec=relevance&resourcetype=HWCIT
  • World Health Organization. "Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases." 2003.http://whqlibdoc.who.int/trs/WHO_TRS_916.pdf

More to Explore