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How to Cook Fish


Fish Cooking Chart
One of the factors that potential cooks find so intimidating about buying fish is the sheer number of varieties available. To help you manage the options and narrow your selection, we've provided you with this handy chart:


   Availability  Type of Fish
 Cooking Methods
Bluefish year round
fatty  baking, broiling, grilling 
Cod year round   lean  poaching, stewing, baking, broiling, grilling, frying 
Cusk  year round 
lean
poaching, stewing, baking, broiling, grilling, frying
Flounder  year round 
lean
poaching, baking, broiling, grilling, frying
Grouper  year round 
lean
poaching, stewing, baking, broiling, grilling, frying
Haddock  year round 
lean
poaching, stewing, baking, broiling, grilling, frying
Hake  year round 
lean
poaching, stewing, baking, broiling, grilling, frying
Halibut  early spring to early fall  lean
poaching, baking, broiling, grilling, frying
Ling  year round 
lean
stewing, baking, broiling, grilling, frying
Mahi Mahi  year round 
medium-fatty
broiling, grilling
Monkfish  year round 
lean
poaching, stewing, baking, broiling, grilling, frying
Orange Roughy  year round 
lean
poaching, baking, broiling, grilling, frying
Perch  year round 
lean
poaching, baking, broiling, grilling, frying
Red Snapper  summer  lean
poaching, stewing, baking, broiling, grilling, frying
Salmon  summer to fall  fatty  poaching, baking, broiling, grilling
Sea Bass  year round 
lean
poaching, stewing, baking, pan-frying
Shark  year round 
lean
poaching, stewing, baking, broiling, grilling, frying
Skate  year round 
lean
poaching, stewing, baking, broiling, grilling, frying
Sole  year round 
lean
poaching, stewing, baking, broiling, grilling, frying
Swordfish
late spring to early fall
medium-fatty
poaching, baking, broiling, grilling
Trout
year round 
fatty
stewing, baking, broiling, grilling, frying
Tuna
late spring to early fall
fatty
baking, broiling, grilling, frying
Clams
summer
mollusk
baking, steaming
Crabs
summer to winter
crustacean
poaching, stewing, steaming
Lobster
spring to summer
crustacean poaching, steaming
Mussels
early fall to spring
mollusk
baking, steaming,
Oysters
early fall to spring
mollusk baking
Scallops, Bay
fall
mollusk poaching, stewing, baking, broiling, frying
Scallops, Sea
mid fall to mid spring
mollusk poaching, stewing, baking, broiling, frying
Shrimp
year round 
crustacean poaching, stewing, baking, broiling, grilling, frying
Squid
fall to winter
mollusk stewing, frying

Now that you have all of this great information at your fingertips, it's time to learn about going out and purchasing fish for your next meal. Find tips in the next section.

Want more information? Try these:
  • Cooking: Learn the ins and outs of some basic cooking techniques in this helpful article.
  • Cooking Seafood: Get your feet wet by exploring the best ways to prepare seafood.
  • Fish Recipes: Reel in dozens of amazing fish recipes from this article.
  • Shellfish: From shrimp and lobster to clams, mussels, and more, you'll find valuable information on shellfish at HowStuffWorks.

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