Growing, harvesting and selling quinoa seems like a no-brainer, right? After all, the crop has enjoyed major success over the years, notably beginning in 2007 when the United States imported 7.3 million pounds (3 million kilograms) of the good stuff. Fast-forward to 2012, when the U.S. placed 57.6 million pounds' (25 million kilograms') worth of orders, and it's certainly obvious that demand increased exponentially [source: DePillis]. There's a flip side to every coin, though and quinoa, despite its delicious nutritional goodness, is no exception.
Although the nutritional boons of quinoa are pretty much impossible to discredit, the growing and manufacturing process has been criticized. First, there wasn't enough quinoa available to meet demand. Even after planting and growing ramped up, prices continued to rise, forcing some businesses to stop ordering quinoa, lest it negatively impact their bottom lines [source: DePillis]. The jump in cost wasn't a tiny one, either. For many years 1 metric ton (1.1 tons) of quinoa ran a buyer about $500, but by 2010 that figure increased to a whopping $1,300 per metric ton [source: Richardson].
Although greater demand for the product has helped South American farmers enjoy a serious uptick in pay, the threat also looms that other producers around the world will wind up taking away customers, leaving those who've been making it for millennia in quite a lurch [source: DePillis]. Although quinoa-producing areas are making more money than before, residents of some of these areas are still considered to be extremely malnourished. How could this possibly be the case? After all, they produce a nutritional superstar, quite literally in their own backyards. The simple answer is that quinoa is a pricey product, so they can't afford to eat it. Some choose instead to sell their own supplies at at a profit and then purchase cheaper alternatives [source: Richardson].
As with any manufacturing, business or related industry, questions surrounding quinoa's growth and production is complex. For every critic, there's probably at least one person singing exactly the opposite tune. But none of that takes away from the fact that quinoa is versatile and great for you.
Author's Note: How Quinoa Works
I love plain old quinoa, but even if it's not your cup of tea there are so many ways to get this superfood into your diet. Breakfast bars – yum! Quinoa burgers – double yum! So give this grain-that's-not-a-grain a try. What have you got to lose?
More Great Links
- Backyard Gardening Blog. "How to Grow Quinoa." 2010 (April 21, 2015) http://www.gardeningblog.net/how-to-grow/quinoa/
- Bland, Alastair. "Quinoa Craze Inspires North America to Start Growing Its Own." NPR. Nov. 29, 2012 (April 21, 2015) http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2012/11/29/166155875/quinoa-craze-inspires-north-america-to-start-growing-its-own
- DePillis, Lydia. "Quinoa should be taking over the world. This is why it isn't." The Washington Post. July 11, 2013 (April 22, 2015) http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2013/07/11/quinoa-should-be-taking-over-the-world-this-is-why-it-isnt/
- Kaufman, Caroline. Registered Dietitian Nutritionist and Spokesperson for the California Dietetic Association. Telephone interview, April 21, 2015.
- McKenna, Emily. "How to Cook Quinoa." Eating Well. 2015 (April 21, 2015) http://www.eatingwell.com/healthy_cooking/healthy_cooking_101/kitchen_tips_techniques/how_to_cook_quinoa
- Oaklander, Mandy. "Health-Food Face-Off." Prevention. 2015 (April 21, 2015) http://www.prevention.com/content/whats-healthier-quinoa-or-brown-rice
- Richardson, Jill. "What your organic market doesn't want you to know: the dark truth about quinoa." Salon. April 24, 2014 (April 22, 2015) http://www.salon.com/2014/04/24/what_your_organic_market_doesnt_want_you_to_know_the_dark_truth_about_quinoa_partner/
- Runyon, Joel. "Is Quinoa Paleo – a Deep Dive." Dec. 8, 2012 (April 21, 2015) http://ultimatepaleoguide.com/is-quinoa-paleo-a-deep-dive/
- Ware, Megan RDN, LD. "What are the health benefits of quinoa?" Medical News Today. Aug. 30, 2014 (April 21, 2015) http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/274745.php
- Whole Grains Council. "Quinoa – March Grain of the Month." Whole Grains Council. 2015 (April 21, 2015) http://wholegrainscouncil.org/whole-grains-101/types-of-quinoa