There can be only one. One top dog, one that stands head and shoulders above the rest. One that transcends the mundaneness of a mere fast-food chain to become something else altogether -- the symbol of a country, the face of an industry: McDonald's. If you're American, the name itself conjures up an embarrassingly high number of familiar images and memories.
The McDonald brothers started the franchise as a hot dog stand in 1937 and changed things up in 1948 by making the switch to burgers and fries made using a speedy and efficient assembly line system. Things took a fortuitous turn when the McDonald brothers met a milkshake machine salesman named Ray Kroc. Kroc was impressed with the operation and asked to be included as a franchise agent, splitting profits with the brothers for growing the chain. Kroc opened the first franchise in 1955 in Des Plaines, Ill., and the rest is fast-food history. He bought the brothers out for $2.7 million in 1961, and the franchise has grown to operate more than 31,000 stores in over 100 countries [source: McDonald's].
The Big Mac is the most popular fast-food item on Earth. The famous jingle from the 1975 TV commercial taught Americans the ingredients for the Big Mac -- two all-beef patties, special sauce, lettuce, cheese, pickles, onion on a sesame seed bun. In 2004, Mickey D's celebrated the fortieth birthday of the iconic burger. The company sells an astonishing 560 million Big Macs each year, even though they're only available in 13,700 of the franchises [source: Friedman]. People love the Big Mac, some so much that it's become almost an obsession. A man in Fond Du Lac, Wis., claimed he ate two Big Macs a day, every day since 1972. That makes 21,292 Big Macs as of August 2004. And, how many trips to the cardiologist?
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- "Fast-food ad ban could cut child obesity: U.S. study." Reuters. Nov. 19, 2008.http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTRE4AI8YT20081119
- "Pizza Power Report 2008." Pizza Magazine. September 2008. http://digital.pmq.com/pizzamagazine/200809/?folio=50
- "The 400 Richest Americans." Forbes. Sept. 21, 2006. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2006/54/biz_06rich400_Fred-DeLuca_BNPG.html
- "The Latest Statistics on America's Obesity Epidemic." americansportsdata.com, 2009.http://www.americansportsdata.com/obesitystats.asp
- Friedman, Emily. "Happy Birthday Big Mac." ABC News. August 24, 2007. http://abcnews.go.com/Business/Story?id=3521002&page=1
- Hentges, Rochelle. "White Hot." Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. August 22, 2006. http://www.pittsburghlive.com/x/pittsburghtrib/news/tribpm/s_467165.html
- Schlosser, Eric. "Fast-Food Nation: The True Cost of America's Diet." Mcspotlight.org. Sept. 3, 1998. http://www.mcspotlight.org/media/press/rollingstone1.html
- Williams, Mark. "Sold: Arby's Buys Wendy's for $2.34 Billion." ABC News. April 24, 2008. http://abcnews.go.com/business/industryinfo/Story?id=4717253&page=1
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