White Wine Can Be Made From Red Grapes
The wordy wine snob portrayed by Paul Giamatti in the movie "Sideways" probably could have expounded on this fact at length, but for those of us who think of fine wine as anything that doesn't come with a screw top, it probably comes as a surprise. You can make white wine from red grapes. Champagne, for example, is made from pinot noir and pinot meunier grapes (both red grapes) as well as chardonnay, and the three types of grapes are often blended.
All grape juice, which comes from the inside of the grapes, starts out as white. It's the skin that contains the red pigment. If the juice is squeezed out of the grapes and separated quickly from the skins, it remains white. By contrast, if winemakers are producing a red wine, they allow the juice to remain in contact with the red skins during fermentation. This causes the wine to become dark [source: Crosariol].
Author's Note: 10 Mind-blowing Alcohol Facts
It's odd to be writing about alcohol, since I very seldom drink anymore. When I was a young I worked in the newspaper business, where being able to hold your liquor once was considered a skill as integral to rising in the profession as being able to scribble pithy quotes into a notepad at a crime scene and then dictate a front-page story in 30 minutes from a pay-phone booth. I was never too good at that last part, but I tried to make up for it by closing down my share of smoke-filled bars and after-hours, as I tried to soak up whatever wisdom sprang from the boozy lips of my journalistic mentors, or maybe pick up a tip uttered by some inebriated lawyer, cop or politician.
But for me at least, that world vanished long ago, replaced by one in which I rise early, sit down at a computer in my living room to make Skype calls and pound out a seemingly endless stream of blog posts, tweets and articles for various websites. Given my workload, extra-strong Vietnamese coffee is the only mood-altering substance that I can afford to ingest. If I ever get the chance to retire, though, maybe I'll start drinking again.
- Associated Press. "First Tequila from Outside Mexico." Today.com. Nov. 13, 2003. (Sept. 26, 2014) http://www.today.com/id/3076145/ns/today-entertainment/t/first-tequila-outside-mexico/#.VCYlrPldV8F
- Blum, Deborah. "The Chemist's War." Slate. Feb. 19, 2010. (Sept. 26, 2014) http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/medical_examiner/2010/02/the_chemists_war.html
- Cloud, John. "Why Do Heavy Drinkers Outlive Nondrinkers?" Time. Aug. 30, 2010. (Sept. 26, 2014) http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,2017200,00.html
- Crews, Ed. "Rattle-Skull, Stonewall, Bogus, Blackstrap, Bombo, Mimbo, Whistle Belly, Syllabub, Sling, Toddy, and Flip." History.org. 2007. (Sept. 26, 2014) http://www.history.org/Foundation/journal/Holiday07/drink.cfm
- Crosariol, Beppi. "Can white wines really come from red grapes?" Globe and Mail. May 15, 2013. (Sept. 26, 2014) http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/food-and-wine/wine/can-white-wines-really-come-from-red-grapes/article11894167/
- DEstries, Michael. "World's Most Expensive Beer Made From Melted Antarctic Ice." Ecorazzi. Nov. 5, 2010. (Sept. 27, 2014) http://www.ecorazzi.com/2010/11/05/worlds-most-expensive-beer-made-from-melted-antarctic-ice/?utm_content=backtype-tweetcount&utm_medium=bt.io-twitter&utm_source=direct-bt.io
- Economist. "Uncorking the Past." Economist.com. Dec. 20, 2001. (Sept. 27, 2014) http://www.economist.com/node/883706
- Eldred, Sheila M. "Diet Drinks Get You Drunker." Discovery News. Feb. 7, 2013. (Sept. 26, 2014) http://news.discovery.com/human/health/diet-drinks-might-get-you-drunk-faster-130207.htm
- Encyclopaedia Britannica "Ethyl Alcohol." Britannica.com. (Sept. 27, 2014) http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/194354/ethyl-alcohol
- Gambino, Megan. "A Salute to the Wheel." Smithsonian. June 17, 2009. (Sept. 26, 2014) http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/a-salute-to-the-wheel-31805121/?no-ist
- Gately, Ian. "Drink: A Cultural History of Alcohol." Penguin Books. 2008. (Sept. 27, 2014) http://books.google.com/books?id=Ahp8yOGSnd8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=history+of+drinking&hl=en&sa=X&ei=X_QmVNauDof5yASdwoKoDw&ved=0CCYQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=history%20of%20drinking&f=false
- Handley, Meg. "Product Placement: Tequila (Mexico)." Time magazine. March 31, 2010. (Sept. 26, 2014) http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1975253_1975254_1975272,00.html
- Holahan, Charles J., Kathleen K. Schutte, Penny L. Brennan, Carole K. Holahan, Bernice S. Moos and Rudolf H. Moos. "Late-Life Alcohol Consumption and 20-Year Mortality." Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. Aug. 24, 2010. (Sept. 26, 2014) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1530-0277.2010.01286.x/abstract
- Humphrey, Chris. "Mexico City." Moon Handbooks. 2008. (Sept. 26, 2014) http://bit.ly/1sVeuMM
- Kime, Giles. "Secrets of wine: Insider Secrets into the Real World of Wine." Infinite Ideas. 2005. (Sept. 27, 2014) http://books.google.com/books?id=V71CKXCyLVkC&pg=PA59&dq=wine+doesn%27t+improve+with+age&hl=en&sa=X&ei=hiInVN_YK4yyyASIoYDACw&ved=0CEcQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=wine%20doesn't%20improve%20with%20age&f=false
- Lehrer, Jonah. "Why Alcohol Is Good for You." Wired. Sept. 7, 2010. (Sept. 26, 2014) http://www.wired.com/2010/09/why-alcohol-is-good-for-you/
- Marczinski, Cecile A., and Stamates, Amy L. "Artificial Sweeteners Versus Regular Mixers Increase Breath Alcohol Concentrations in Male and Female Social Drinkers." Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. April 2013. (Sept. 27, 2014) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/acer.12039/abstract
- Nail Brewing. "Antarctic Nail Ale." Nailbrewing.com.au. Dec. 6, 2010. (Sept. 26, 2014) http://www.nailbrewing.com.au/special-stories/antarctic-nail-ale.html
- Saad, Lydia. "Majority in U.S. Drink Alcohol, Averaging Four Drinks a Week." Gallup.com. Aug. 17, 2012. (Sept. 26, 2014) http://www.gallup.com/poll/156770/majority-drink-alcohol-averaging-four-drinks-week.aspx
- Salmon, Felix. "Vine talk: Not all wines get better with age." Reuters. Aug.24, 2010. (Sept. 26, 2014) http://www.reuters.com/article/2010/08/24/us-wine-age-idUSTRE67N1TV20100824
- Thadeusz, Frank. "Alcohol's Neolithic Origins: Brewing Up a Civilization." Spiegel. Dec. 24, 2009. (Sept. 26, 2014) http://www.spiegel.de/international/zeitgeist/alcohol-s-neolithic-origins-brewing-up-a-civilization-a-668642.html
- University of Texas at Austin. "Moderate Drinking Helps Middle-Aged and Older People Live Longer, Research Shows." Utexas.edu. Aug. 27, 2010. (Sept. 26, 2014) http://www.utexas.edu/news/2010/08/27/psychology_drinking/
- Waldman, Katy. "5 Hour Distillery." Slate. Dec. 10, 2012. (Sept. 26, 2014) http://www.slate.com/articles/life/luxury_explainer/2012/12/starting_a_new_whiskey_company_how_long_do_you_have_to_wait_for_your_spirits.html
- Zmuda, Natalie. "Bottom's Up! A Look at America's Drinking Habits." Adage.com. June 27, 2011. (Sept. 30, 2014) http://adage.com/article/news/consumers-drink-soft-drinks-water-beer/228422/
Soju is the unofficial national drink of South Korea. HowStuffWorks takes a sip of this rice-based alcohol beverage.