Barfi -- India
Also known as burfi, this Indian cake is sometimes compared to cheesecake. Like cheesecake, it's usually refrigerated, and it's relatively flat and dense. Barfi is made by cooking sugar and evaporated milk together with a main ingredient, like coconut, until the mixture becomes semisolid. You can use the sugar-milk base to create lots of distinctive barfi variations. Some common ingredients for barfi-style cakes are cashews, pistachios, almonds and mangos. Even savory ingredients and seasonings, like carrots and saffron, aren't uncommon. Once the mixture cooks down, place it in a shallow pan, and refrigerate until it's firm enough to cut into small squares.